Conservation Focus


Roles and Threats

These warm-blooded vertebrates can be found on every continent – underwater, in the air, and on land. Some bear bright plumage meant to draw attention, others are masters of camouflage. They might squawk, sing or largely stay silent. Their diets are diverse, from seeds and nectar to carrion and even other birds. And while they all have feathers, not all birds fly.

There are more than 11,000 bird species (that we know of), and a growing number of them face human-caused threats such as building collisions, light pollution, poaching, habitat degradation and loss, and climate change.

Samuel Ivande, Ph.D.

Bird Conservation Coordinator

Dr. Samuel Ivande is a conservation biologist and educator who most recently served as Research and Teaching Director at the foremost conservation and ornithology training institute in western Africa – the A.P. Leventis Ornithological Research Institute at the University of Jos in Plateau, Nigeria. Dr. Ivande describes himself as a passionate advocate for citizen participation in bird and biodiversity conservation and research, especially in Africa. He brings his talents in ornithological research, biodiversity monitoring and scientific writing to the Global Center.