Spring is finally here and that means it’s time to start
thinking about annuals. Get creative this year and embrace new dimensions in
your flower displays – try something new, like decorative containers in your garden. With these
tips and tricks your green thumb is sure to make everyone else green with envy.
First things first, decide where you want your flowers and
the pot you’d like to use. Remember the size helps determine how many annuals
you’ll need and the type to plant. Small containers need to be watered more often and
drought tolerant plants may bloom better because less moisture is stored. Make
sure to pick a spot in your yard that works for the time of annuals you’d like
– pay attention to the sun and shade.
Get your gloves on;
it’s time to get some soil over those roots! As you plant your annuals leave
space between so they’ll fill in throughout the summer. But keep in mind you’re
not restricted to annuals alone. Perennials, succulents and tropical plants can
be wonderful additions to your potted masterpiece. Just keep in mind the bloom
cycles are longer, but that means you can even plant perennials later and enjoy
your landscape a little longer in the season! There are many examples of these
colorful combinations along the paths at the Indiapolis Zoo.
After all this work you want your plants to last, so make
sure to take special care. You don’t want them to dry out, and since they’ll be
sprouting through the spring and summer make sure to check them daily,
especially on hot, dry days to see if they need more water. Keep in mind pots
won’t hold moisture as long as soil in the ground, so it might be beneficial to
add some fertilizer for your plant.
Let your wild side shine with your choice of pot – pick a
fun color or shape – just pick one with proper drainage and soil space. We’re
not saying you have to stop and smell the roses, but you should definitely
pause and peek at the pretty pots!
By Craig Banister
Indianapolis Zoo PR Intern
If our animals could talk, what stories would they have to tell us after 50 wonderful years? Without the animals, there would be no Zoo, so as we mark the Indianapolis Zoo's 50th anniversary, we wanted to share a few exciting tales of our adorable animal elders.
The original Indianapolis Zoo, called the Washington Park Children's Zoo, originally opened its doors back on April 18, 1964. It was the culmination decades-long efforts that started in the 1940s when newspaper columnist Lowell Nussbaum began voicing his dream and raising support for a zoo in Indianapolis.
When the original Zoo first opened, the animal collection included personal "pets" donated from area residents, including monkeys, large cats, alligators and more. Also there to greet guests when the Washington Park Children's Zoo originally opened its gates was a pair of Aldabra tortoises, and incredibly, one of those tortoises is still in his prime! AJ, a male Aldabra, was estimated to have hatched around 1933 before he came to the old Zoo in 1963. He and a second Aldabra named JR were the only animals to see the opening of both the old Zoo and the new Zoo, which opened in 1988 in White River State Park!
Aldabra tortoises are native to the Seychelles Islands in the South Pacific and can live upwards of 200 years! Males can weigh up to 550 pounds. AJ, who currently lives at the Virginia Zoo, weighs almost 500 pounds and his keepers say AJ likes to eat a variety of food including hay, grass and various fruit.
So what stories might AJ share about the Zoo? Perhaps memories of his championship years in the Zoopolis 500! Known as the Greatest Spectacle in Tortoise Racing, Zoopolis 500 began back in 1980 and is one of the Zoo's longest-running events. Guests might remember watching AJ and the other Aldabra tortoises race to the finish line to enjoy a tray full of vegetables and fruit. AJ was a Zoopolis 500 champion many times over, including most recently in 2009, which was the year before the Aldabras moved to the Virginia Zoo.
25th Anniversary Animals
Although AJ is the only animal from the opening of the original Zoo that's still around today, believe it or not, the Zoo has several animals that came from the former location on East 30th Street and many more that have been here since the opening of the new Zoo back on June 11, 1988. Last year when the Zoo celebrated the 25th anniversary of that move, we shared stories of animals that have been here since that new beginning. Among them are several Chilean flamingos, some of our Plains birds and polar bear Tundra. Known as the Zoo's elder stateswomen, Tundra is very dainty and neat — for a polar bear.
Some of the animals from the old Zoo include several rockhopper penguins, California sea lion Marcy and African elephants Kubwa and Ivory. What tales do they have to tell? Marcy, Kubwa and Ivory might share stories of becoming mothers. Kubwa and Ivory even made headlines as the first and second African elephants to give birth after conceiving through artificial insemination. And all three animals have offspring that still live here: Diego was born to Marcy in 2004, Kubwa gave birth to Kedar in 2005 and Kalina in 2011, and Ivory gave birth to Zahara in 2006 and Nyah in 2012.
Also part of our elephant herd, Sophi is not only the oldest animal at the Zoo, she is one of the most recognizable. Born around 1967, she has a majestic and iconic presence about her that is unmistakable. She is clearly the largest animal at the Zoo, weighing in at nearly 10,000 pounds! It is not uncommon for these beautiful creatures to live 50-plus years! Some of her stories would include watching herds of runners and walkers pass by the Zoo every year during the Susan G. Komen Race for the Cure. Adding to her notoriety, Sophi is famous among local Race for the Cure participants who stop in front of the Zoo to see Sophi wearing her huge pink ribbon. Many participants even call Sophi an inspiration!
As the matriarch of the elephant herd, Sophi could also tell us about her interactions with newborn elephants. Zookeepers Jill Sampson and Niki Kowalski said every time Sophi has been introduced to a newborn, she kneels down and gets eye level with the calf so they can see each other and connect. Sampson and Kowalski said it's quite an amazing sight to see the largest elephant of the herd kneeling to the ground to greet a newborn.
As you might have guessed from her size, Sophi is not a picky eater, however she is a clean eater. Keepers say when she eats a watermelon or participates in the pumpkin smash each year at ZooBoo, she always holds the food under her mouth with her trunk to catch all the juices. She is not the type to waste any bit of food!
Ozark is another Zoo elder. This yellow-headed amazon parrot was hatched March 1, 1969, and donated to the Zoo in the late 1970s. Another resident of the original Zoo, Ozark would be able to tell many tales of all the guests she's met throughout her many years, including those she's seen during seasonal Parrot Chats. According to Encounters Area Manager Dan Boritt (pictured), Ozark is set in her ways. She has a great memory for the people she's met. For a time, Ozark lived with Paul Grayson, who is now the Zoo's Deputy Director and Senior VP of Conservation & Science. Even though they don't see each other much now, Ozark gets extremely excited when Grayson comes in to visit her. And while Ozark isn't actually a storyteller, she can talk and has a wide vocabulary, including phrases such as, "My name is Ozark," "nice birdy" and "Merry Christmas."
Azy and Knobi
From Ozark, one of the Zoo's longest residents, to two orangutans that are among the newer residents, the stories continue. Azy, born in 1977, and Knobi, born in 1979, are also among the Zoo's elders.
Azy is the dominant male in our orangutan group. He is remarkably gentle with humans and the Zoo's other orangutans, and is known as the peacekeeper in the group. Azy has been working with Dr. Rob Shumaker, the Zoo's Vice President of Conservation and Life Sciences, for more than 30 years! They have developed a strong relationship through their research in language and cognition. Knobi is the dominant female and shares a close bond with Azy. Knobi enjoys cleaning up her exhibit and acting as an adoptive mother to Rocky, our 9-year-old orangutan. When the other females get out of hand, Knobi helps restore order in the group.
Orangutans and humans are alike in many ways, including having similar life spans. These great apes are also extremely intelligent and social. Azy and Knobi could tell stories about their research and working with Shumaker. Guests will soon be able to see how these apes work together with Shumaker and the Zoo's other researchers when the International Orangutan Center opens May 24. Guests can even collaborate with orangutans to create a digital finger painting!
The animals at the Zoo have many stories to share after 50 years. During your next Zoo adventure, make sure to visit some of our elders and learn more about their incredible stories!
By Craig Banister
Indianapolis Zoo PR Intern
It takes passion and persistence for a dream to become a reality. Lowell Nussbaum's dream was to bring a zoo to the city of Indianapolis, and never gave up on it.
It took more than 20 years for Nussbaum's dream to come to life, as the original Washington Park Children's Zoo opened on East 30th Street in Indianapolis on April 18, 1964. For 50 years, the Indianapolis Zoo has continued to grow and thrive with the help of the community, but it would not have been possible without Nussbaum's vision.
Nussbaum was a successful journalist with a career that spanned 58 years. In the early 1940s, he began writing about a mythical zoological society in his column for the Indianapolis Times. He referred to the society numerous times in his column for the next few years trying to raise support for the idea.. In 1944, he pressed forward and formed the Indianapolis Zoological Society. Nussbaum, who later became known as "the father of the Indianapolis Zoo," moved to the Indianapolis Star in 1945 and continued using his column to campaign for a zoo in Indianapolis. One such column in 1950 read:
"A letter to the editor in The Star yesterday interested me. It was written by Mrs. H. Leser, a relative newcomer to Indianapolis. Mrs. Leser wonders why a city this size is without a zoo. So do I. In fact, I've wondered about that more than a decade. Mrs. Leser also wonders what the public thinks about acquiring a zoo. I can answer that. The public — grownups as well as children — would like a zoo, and they'd like someone to do something about it. Someone else — that is! Back in 1940 or 1941 I began agitating in the column for a zoo. It seemed everyone was in favor of the idea. Several of us incorporated the Indianapolis Zoological Society to work for the idea. … We needed money for buildings and maintenance — a substantial sum. Even more, we needed civic and municipal leaders willing to roll up their sleeves and help us put the idea across. We didn't get it. Then along came the war and the need for a zoo paled into insignificance alongside the war effort. An attempt to revive interest after the war failed. We still keep the Zoological Society alive, though dormant, in case the time arrives when enough people, like Mrs. Leser, who want a zoo badly enough to give us a lift. Any of you big-money boys like to have a zoo named after you?"
In 1955, planning for the first Indianapolis Zoo finally began. Nussbaum continued using his newspaper column to help further the Zoo's progress by calling for donations. There were numerous accounts of young children giving small amounts of money from their piggy banks to help bring a zoo to the city. By the end of the fundraising campaign, they had raised more than $1 million toward building the Zoo. A lot of hard work and more than 20 years after Nussbaum first started writing about a mythical zoological society, the Indianapolis Zoo came to life and opened its doors to the public in 1964.
Following the opening, Nussbaum continued his involvement with the Zoo in his column in the Indianapolis Star, through the Indianapolis Zoological Society and by visiting regularly. He retired in 1976 after an extremely successful and impactful career.
By Kyley Collins
Indianapolis Zoo Horticulturist
The International Orangutan Center will not be the only new landscape you will see this summer. The exterior desert landscape is getting an overhaul after a large section was removed to make room for nearby construction. The horticulture department designed a plan to replace the missing pieces and will install the new landscape later this spring.
Prior to planting, it is extremely important to correctly prepare the site. Site prep is just as important as plant selection to ensure the survival and success of the new landscape. Rock garden plants are particularly susceptible to root rot in the Midwest due to high winter moisture and cold temperatures. To help alleviate this risk, a thick layer of gravel will go beneath a well-drained soil mix and a layer of limestone rock will be used to mulch the top. The sloped topography will also help to increase water drainage. To combat sub-zero temperatures, large rocks will be installed creating micro-habitats for the succulent plant collection. These areas will provide extra protection during the harsh winter months by heating in the sun during the day and warming the immediate area by night.
Of the new cold-hardy succulents going in, we are most excited about the red yuccas (Hesperaloe parviflora) and a new prickly pear cactus cultivar (Humifusa 'Mulberry Creek'). The red yuccas are not commonly seen here in the Midwest though they are hardy to our area. Much like our common yucca, they have tall stalks of flowers. The flowers are bright pink and have thin leaves. The Mulberry Creek prickly pear differs from others with its iridescent pink blooms. They will be intermixed with our yellow-flowering native prickly pear cactus. Other notable additions include exotic-looking mimosa trees (Albizia julibrissin), aromatic Agastache and a colorful array of Penstemon flowers.
While decreased in square footage, the new desert landscape is sure to impress with its bright colors and increased plant diversity. Whether you are strolling through the zoo on foot or riding the new sky ride above, you will not want to miss this colorful collection of new and unusual plants!
What do a CEO and an orangutan have in common? Plenty! That’s what Scott A Jones, CEO and co-founder of ChaCha, recently discovered.
Jones is one of thousands of Indianapolis Zoo fans who discovered their orangutan connections by taking the personality quiz on AzyAndFriends.com. He is also one of several well-known leaders and celebrities with ties to Indiana who’s telling people about that unique connection as part of a new video series.
With less than five months remaining before the public opening of the International Orangutan Center, the Zoo recently began releasing these fun videos showcasing the personality quiz and the unique character traits of the amazing apes who will soon call the exhibit home. Jones’ video was the first released and in it, he shows how his personality traits are similar to orangutan Charly. Both are fun-loving, playful and creative. Jones also jokes that they both brush their teeth and like to nest at night!
The videos are 60-90 seconds and will be released individually throughout the next three months on the Zoo’s YouTube channel. WTHR-TV personality Nicole Misencik was also featured in another video. More celebrities will be revealed soon, so make sure to subscribe to the Zoo’s channel to see all the videos. You can also visit AzyAndFriends.com to take the quiz for yourself and discover your own orangutan match!
The personality quiz and the new video series highlight the amazing similarities between these great apes and humans, who share 97 percent of their DNA. They are also a fun way to get to know the orangutans before you can meet them in person when the new exhibit opens on May 24.
Cold Cuts… Hold the
By Adam Mitchell/Zoo Gardener
everything! Actually, I’d like to talk to you about a different kind of cold
cut. When the air turns chilly, it’s easy to forget that there are things you
can do to keep your ornamental trees healthy and prepared for when Spring
returns. Here at the Indianapolis Zoo Horticulture Department we start to think
about winter pruning. Winter pruning has many benefits. The first benefit is that your trees are
dormant. This means that the trees are not actively growing. Pruning a tree when it is dormant reduces the
chances of causing or spreading disease. Cuts you make during the dormant season
will not attract insect pests as they are not active in Winter. Pruning while
trees are dormant gives the trees time to heal themselves before they put
energy into leafing out in the spring. Since deciduous trees no longer have
leaves in winter it is much easier to see what work needs to be done. Another
benefit is that fruit and flowering trees such as Dogwood, Hawthorne, Bartlett
Pear, and Crabapple will produce more vibrant flowers and more fruit after
proper winter pruning. In addition, winter pruning opens up the air flow within
the canopy of the tree. Better
circulation of air will help to prevent broken branches when the wind picks up.
Winter pruning will also help you get filtered light though the canopy of your
ornamental trees for grass or other landscape plants you may have planted
beneath them. The filtered light will also help you to ensure that lower
branches will not die off due to lack of sunlight. Last but not least, winter
pruning can reduce the weight on branches and help prevent breaks.
is a good time to start looking at the ornamental trees you may have around
your home to see what pruning they may require. One of the first things to look
for is sucker growth. These will be branches that have popped up from the base
of the tree during the past growing season. Suckers can even be found popping
up from exposed roots. The next branch type is called water sprouts. These are twigs
that usually form on the top of established branches and generally grow
vertically towards the top of the tree. Water sprouts can also grow
horizontally, and will account for a large amount of what you will usually cut
out of your ornamentals. Next you will want to identify cross-branches. These
are branches or twigs that have grown so close that they cross or in some cases
even touch or rub. You will also want to look at any lower branches that may
need to be removed to provide clearance for walkways, structures, or mowing, as
well as any broken limbs in the tree. Now that you have identified what needs to be
removed from the tree, it’s time to get to work. The best time to do winter pruning is from
February to early March. This ensures that your trees are completely dormant. If
you were to start cutting in December or January you may risk winter damage to
your trees. Cuts made too early can make it more difficult for your trees to
heal themselves and may leave them susceptible to disease and pests come spring.
You will want to have a few tools handy for the task. Hand pruners,
a hand saw, and loppers are a good start and will be all you need for most
small ornamental trees. For medium size specimens you may need to employ pole
pruners or a pole saw. For large trees it is best to leave that work to a
professional tree service. Please remember, safety first. Safety glasses and sturdy gloves should be
worn. Be sure all tools that you utilize are sharp and clean. Sharp tools help to ensure clean cuts and
help to prevent tearing of tree bark as you remove branches.
is easiest to start from the bottom of the tree and work your way up to the
canopy. Start by removing any sucker and water sprout growth. Then remove or
reduce crowding and crossing branches. When removing unwanted branches from
your trees be sure to not trim the branches (especially larger ones) too close
to where they are attached on the tree. If you follow the branch to where it is
attached to the tree you will see a slightly raised area (see figure 1). This
is called the branch collar. Your cut should
be just above the collar. For branches larger than an inch in diameter you should
use a three cut method. Make your first cut about six to seven inches from the collar. This
cut should be initiated on the bottom side of the branch and only go ¼ of the
way into the branch. Your next cut will be from the top about two inches farther
out on the branch from your first. Cut all the way through the branch. This cut
accomplishes two things. First the cut pattern prevents the branch from tearing
the bark of the tree when you make your cut. Second, this cut takes the weight
of the branch away from the final cut area at the collar. Now you are ready to
make your collar cut. Again be sure to make your cut just above the branch
collar. When pruning crossing branches, you will want to look at which of the
two will benefit the tree the most. Be sure as you are making your pruning cuts
that you occasionally step back and look at the tree as a whole. This will help
you determine which branches to prune in order to shape the tree the way you
want. Take extra caution as you get into the crown or top of the tree as you do
not want to create holes in the canopy. If you are removing limbs for clearance
of structures or for mowing, be sure to prune evenly from all sides of the tree
to avoid a lopsided appearance.
With these techniques you are on your way to
keeping your ornamental trees healthy and happy. It is easy to become overwhelmed
by the amount of branches and twigs you generate out of trees if they have not
been pruned for some time. Don’t be discouraged. Come next winter you will again have pruning
to do but it should be much less, and easier to accomplish. When spring comes
along you will be rewarded for your efforts with vigorous growth, more abundant
flowers, nuts, and /or fruit. Happy pruning! When you are done it may be time
to have that ham on rye.
By Vickie Young
Did you know fire can be good for the earth?
The Indianapolis Zoo's Horticulture Department, in conjunction with the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, periodically does what is called a prescribed or controlled burn. Not something you likely can do at home, we burn down large patches of primarily ornamental grasses to clear the way for new growth.
The benefits of the right fire, at the right time, and at the right place can actually reduce the build-up of debris and dead vegetation which can produce uncontrolled wildfires that threaten lives and cost taxpayers millions of dollars. A prescribed burn can remove unwanted plant species that threaten plants native to an area. It can improve food and habitat for wildlife, recycle nutrients back to the soil, and promote the growth of trees, wildflowers and other plants. It also helps control insect pests and other plant diseases.
Prescribed burns, above all, consider the safety of lives and property. Spring burn times should always be carefully planned ahead of spring bird nesting, herbaceous (non-woody stem) plant growth or wildlife emergence. At the Indianapolis Zoo, specific areas are selected in a thoughtful, skillful manner and a permit is required.
The best time of year for Indiana's prescribed burning is February through mid-April. There are very specific conditions that must be met for the prescribed burn to take place. The best time to start is between 10am and noon so everything can be completed safely before sunset. Relative humidity, wind speed and direction, soil moisture, temperature, rainfall, fuel moisture, air mass stability and topography all must be taken into consideration by Indiana DNR specialists. Temperature range should be 20-60 degrees. Lastly, the conditions must be favorable for the smoke to rise and dissipate quickly.
So, when you come to the Zoo in the spring and see some specific areas that look burned, know it was the result of careful and purposeful planning. Look around and you will likely see tiny new green plants already peeking through!
Photos by Jon Glesing
With the holidays all wrapped up, many people want to settle down for a long winter’s nap. But at the Indianapolis Zoo, it’s anything but sleepy as exhibits are open with many animals out all winter long! Plus lighter off-season crowds means a more personal experience for those willing to bundle up and come visit their favorite furry friends!
Several of the Zoo’s animals are perfectly at home in Indiana’s cold winter weather. Species like our Amur tigers, Alaskan brown bears, California sea lions, polar bear, Pacific walrus and red panda and many more come from colder climates and are right at home when the temperature drops. These cold-weather creatures can be even more active in the winter than the summer, so be ready for some amazing animal interactions!
To keep away the winter chills, several exhibits include special features that help keep the animals comfortable throughout the winter. For instance, one of the rocks inside the Tiger Forest is heated to give our tigers a warm, dry spot to lie down. And the pools inside the walrus, polar bear and seal/sea lion exhibits are all temperature regulated to keep the animals warm.
Most people probably wouldn’t think of our flamingos as “winter animals,” but they are perfectly well suited to colder weather. Although these brilliant birds will stay indoors if their exhibit is icy, guests can still visit them for most of the winter.
The Zoo’s indoor exhibits also offer plenty of year-round animal activity. Guests can enjoy daily shows in the Marsh Dolphin Theater or pet a smooth dogfish shark in the nation’s largest shark touch tank, located inside the Oceans exhibit presented by Citizens Energy Group.
Also in Oceans, the penguins are always on the move. Penguins are known for their winter-weather adaptations, but guests may not know that the Zoo’s penguin exhibit is maintained at a colder temperature year round. King, gentoo and rockhopper penguins come from the Southern Hemisphere where seasons are reversed. So while the Zoo is currently experiencing winter, the penguins are in the midst of summer!
It will feel like summer for guests who make the stroll over to the Hilbert Conservatory in White River Gardens. This tropical paradise is filled with lush greenery and beautiful blooms, making it the perfect retreat on a gloomy winter day.
The Zoo is open 9am-4pm Wednesday through Sunday in January and February. And guests can always save on their visit by purchasing advance tickets online.
Photos by Jill Burbank (brown bear), Carla Knapp (tiger) and Dan Boritt (flamingos)
Wildlife population decreases in the Sahara desert concern scientific organizations across the globe. A recent study led by New York’s Wildlife Conservation Society and the Zoological Society of London calls the species decline in the Sahara desert a “catastrophic collapse of its wildlife populations.” The study says the African painted wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is extinct from the desert along with many other species like lion, an antelope known as bubal hartebeest and scimitar horned oryx while cheetahs and gazelles are nearly gone. The African painted wild dog is on the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) red list of endangered species. It is estimated that there are only 6,600 adult African painted dogs left in the world with the population declining due to habitat loss, disease and conflict with humans.
The Indianapolis Zoo’s African painted dog is an ambassador for her counterparts in the wild. Tano helps people understand and learn about the dangers her species face across the world. Tano is a bit shy, but very motivated by food. Indianapolis Zoo keeper Holly Balok works with Tano on enrichment and diet. Whole prey is beneficial mentally and physically, so Tano will eat a whole rabbit — ingesting pelt and bones which is good fiber. She also gets enriched meat and femur bones and is motivated to track and find her food independently. Holly will hide the food and Tano tracks it down. Other enrichment focuses on scent with herbs, spices and extracts used to interest Tano. Reserve blood is frozen from meat and turned into the much loved African wild dog treat — a bloodsicle! Sounds gross, but Tano likes it.
African painted dogs can run 40 miles per hour and hunt twice a day. In the pack, every dog gets its share with food being brought back for injured or older pack members. They don’t have much trouble catching food since they can outrun most prey. Each year, only one female in the pack gives birth (six to 16 pups) and all the other dogs in the pack raise the pups. African painted dogs need a lot of space — 3,861 square miles. Indiana is 36,420 square miles and would barely be enough room for 10 wild dog packs.
So what can be done to shore up the future for this species? The IUCN has several recommendations including reducing conflict with humans, cost effectively surveying the dogs across large geographic areas, establishing sustainable techniques for disease control and studying landscape connectivity — where animal movement is blocked. The IUCN says many action plans are in place in Africa but there’s a need to increase public awareness and understanding of the dogs. You can read more about these strategies at wwwcheetahandwilddog.org. You can also learn more about the conservation efforts for these animals by going to Painted Dog Conservation — which is an organization founded by 2006 Indianapolis Prize nominee Greg Rasmussen.
Top photo by Scott Olmstead; lower photo by Marci Haw
Just in time for Christmas, the Indianapolis Zoo got a delivery filled with Holly and Joy!
Two female California sea lion pups, who both arrived on Dec. 11, are the newest additions to the Zoo’s Oceans exhibit.
Joy, the younger of the two pups, was born June 7, 2013, at the Marine Mammal Center in Santa Barbara, Calif. Her mother was being treated there for a condition known as domoic acid toxicity, or “Red Tide.” This illness occurs in marine mammals that eat sea life affected with toxic algae. It causes the animals to become lethargic and disoriented and can even be fatal! Because of her condition, Joy’s mother couldn’t care for her new infant, so the staff at the Marine Mammal Center stepped in to care for Joy.
The other pup, Holly, was rescued by the Marine Mammal Care Center at Fort MacArthur, San Pedro, Calif., after she was found stranded on a Malibu beach on April 3, 2013. The staff estimated she was less than a year old at the time, and in spite of being small and under nourished, she was otherwise healthy. But during her rehabilitation at the Marine Mammal Care Center, the staff noticed Holly wasn’t eating regularly and displayed some behavioral issues. Together with some vision problems, they felt Holly would be unable to compete successfully with other animals in the wild.
Since coming to the Indianapolis Zoo, both animals have been thriving. Right now, they’re undergoing a standard 30-day quarantine, which is a precautionary measure that applies to all newly acquired animals. But Zookeepers say the pups are enjoying swimming and interacting with Zookeepers and each other!
Holly is now eating whole fish regularly and currently weighs about 65 pounds (that's her at the center of the photo). Zookeepers are currently weaning Joy, who is still less than 50 pounds. Adult female California sea lions weigh from 110 to 240 pounds, so these two youngsters still have a lot of growing to do! And their smaller size will make it easier for guests to pick them out of the crowd when they go on exhibit later this winter.
Holly and Joy are among several rescued marine mammals that now call the Indianapolis Zoo their home, including Pakak, a Pacific walrus; Ray, a California sea lion; Taz, an Atlantic bottlenose dolphin; Peppermint Patty, a grey seal; and Tak, a harbor seal.
Zoo Babies are presented by Community Health Network.